Priscila Leal-Arizpe
Mrs.Gust
AP English III-Block 2
28 Feb. 2013
The Great Gatsby: Connecting Device to Meaning
Chapter
Device/Strategy
Passage and page number
Connection to Meaning
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Juxtaposition ???There??™s a bird on the lawn that I think must be a nightingale come over on the Cunard or White Star Line. He??™s singing away??”??? her voice sang ???It??™s romantic, isn??™t it, Tom??? The telephone rang inside, startingly, and as Daisy shook her head decisively at Tom the subject of the stables, in fact, all subjects vanished into air. (20) Fitzgerald??™s purpose of juxtaposing is to show the relationship between Daisy and Tom. And to point up the soft, charming qualities of Daisy, to the harsh behavior of Tom is to??¦ This juxtaposition also contrasts the nightingale and the mysterious calling. This implies that the telephone breaks a part the happy mood of the table, which further shows the negative attitude of Tom. The other connection is it shows about the how weak Daisy??™s and Tom??™ relationship is, only one phone call and they were distrusted which destroys there romantic situation between them. Tom and Daisys relationship is confusing at times and it leads many people to wonder why they stay together. Their action towards their marriage relationship seems to confirm that they no longer love each other anymore; however, they still stay together. This device also imposes the foreshadow of Gatsby??™s and Daisy??™s affair because we know as we go further in the book, it tells us that they were having a affair before Daisy got married, and she promises Gatsby that she will wait, but she didn??™t and left Gatsby.
2
Setting

(a setting specific to the novel, not ??“ for ex. ??“ New York City)

???This is a valley of ashes-a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; whereashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke???(23) ???The interior was un prosperous and bare; the only car visible was the dust-covered wreck of a Ford which crouchedin a dim corner. (25)

The reference-valley of ashes is a picture of an absolute sadness and poverty. It lacks a fascinating surface and lies empty and old halfway between West Egg and New York. This device suggests that the beneath the decoration/ornamentation of East Egg and the artificial attraction of West Egg lies the same ugliness as in the valley. It is only the home of poor people. Fitzgerald also puts attention of Georges??™s garage, which implies and shows the deprived characters in the novel like George Wilson. Nick describes, George garage as nothing but covered with dust, and there George have only one car. In addition this reference, helps reader understood Mrs. Wilson character too, as we see her reaction and attitude after she gets out from George??™s garage, she changed her clothes and went to the part in the West Egg-which is the other side of the valley of the ashes. That??™s the reason that Mrs. Wilson is always upset that her husband is not rich, which draw her attention towards Tom??™s (Daisy??™s Husband) wealth. These details created a weak relationship between Mr. and Mrs. Wilson and showed us (reader) that one side of valley of ashes, poor people and their worries live and on the other hand people do parties all week.
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Paradox

???Anyhow he gives large parties,??? said Jordan, changing the subject with an urban distaste for the concrete. ???And I like large parties. They??™re so intimate. At small parties there isn??™t any privacy.??? (54) The insertion of this device gives out lot of purpose. Firstly, this shows Nick??™s reaction towards Gatsby. Knowing that Nick earlier, really wants to know about Gatsby, interested in his background and made Gatsby|
|as his Inspiration. Nick sees Gatsby as a very rare sort of man, judging just from the way he has smiled |at him. After leaving, Carraways curiosity has become uncontrollable and he asks Jordan for information about Gatsby, but she responds with the same indifference as usual. This device fits because Jordan??™s reply is simply that Gatsby gives large parties and thats really all she cares about. She mentions that some say he had gone to Oxford University, but she is doubtful. This device also show the character of Jordan, She is used to having a many people around and she feels uncomfortable when there are very little people. She is a very social women and her being intimate with people may be difficult. Her way of thinking on this subject shows her personality.
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Allusion ???(Wolfsheim) He??™s the man who fixed the World??™s Series back in 1919??¦.the World??™s Series had been fixed in 1919, but if I had thought of it at all I would have thought of it as a thing that merely happened, the end of some inevitable chain.??? (74) The inclusion of this reference serves a number of purposes. First, the reference helps to characterize Gatsby and the men with whom he associates. Knowing this bit of history, Fitzgerald??™s readers also put the men into the category of criminals in powerful organizations. We are given some of our first hints at just how Gatsby may have acquired his fortune, yet the mystery is also heightened with this prospect. In addition, the reference helps to characterize our narrator, Nick, as we see his reaction to the implication made on Wolfsheim. Nick feels he has been blown into reality somehow coming face to face with a person he previously only thought of as an enigma. This can also describe Nick??™s changing feelings about Gatsby. He is at first intrigued and impressed by his mysterious neighbor, but as more details are revealed, Nick??™s incredulity and even annoyance grow. Finally, the detail creates a strong realism for the reader. Anyone familiar with this period in American history will know of this event and likely have a connection with it.
5
Tone shift

Tone #1 =Eager
Tone #2 =Timid
Tone #3 =Affectionate

???He waited a moment longer, hoping I??™d begin a conversation, but I was too absorbed to be responsive, so he went unwillingly home.??? (83) ???However, as calmness wasn??™t an end in itself, I made an excuse at the first possible moment, and got to my feet.???(87) ???His hand took hold of hers, and as she said something low in his ear he turned her with a rush of emotion.??? (96) The tone shift for the first one is significant because it shows the enthusiasm of Gatsby to talk with Nick and he wants to have conversation with him. This also shows the closeness of both characters towards each other which led to the strong friendship.The second tone shift is the time when Daisy, Gatsby and Nick are having conversation. But nick feels shy, because he thinks that may be he is in between Daisy and Gatsby. Fitzgerald purpose of using this device shows the reader about the hesitation in Nick while they are having a conversation. The third tone shift shows the love and passion between Daisy and Gatsby. As we know from earlier that even though Daisy is married, she like Gatsby more than any, and we see there love everywhere in the novel. While Daisy was leaving, Gatsby said something and she was blushed with the love. |
6
Flashback

???Cody was fifteen years old then, a product of the Nevada silver fields, of the Yukon, of every rush for metal since seventy-five. The transactions in Montana copper . . . made him many times a millionaire.??? (99) Fitzgerald purpose of using this device is to show the further explores of social class as it relates to Gatsby. Nicks description of Gatsbys early life reveals the sympathy to status that urge Gatsby on. His embarrassment at having to work as a janitor in college contrasts with the promise that he experiences when he meets Dan Cody, who represents the accomplishment of everything that Gatsby wants. Acutely aware of his poverty, the young Gatsby develops a powerful obsession with increase wealth and status. Gatsbys act symbolizes his desire to throw away his lower-class identity and recast himself as the wealthy man he visualizes. The grateful Cody took young Gatz, who gave his name as Jay Gatsby, on board his yacht as his personal assistant. Traveling with Cody, Gatsby fell in love with wealth and luxury. Cody was a heavy drinker, and one of Gatsbys jobs was to look after him during his drunken binges. This gave Gatsby a healthy respect for the dangers of alcohol and convinced him not to become a drinker himself. Knowing the history, we know that Gatsby don??™t drink in parties which is just because he knows the affect. This device best fit because it shows that ever since Cody was fifteen he have been doing business or have plans for to do business.
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(a) Logos

(b) Ethos

(c) Pathos

Hint: You need to provide a clear example of each appeal in the argument to ???win??? Daisy.
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Analogy I have an idea that Gatsby himself didn??™t believe it would come and perhaps he no longer cared. If that was true he must have felt that he had lost the old warm world, paid a high price for living too long with a single dream. He must have looked up at an unfamiliar sky through frightening leaves and shivered as he found what a grotesque thing a rose is and how raw the sunlight was upon the scarcely created grass. A new world, material without being real, where poor ghosts, breathing dreams like air, drifted fortuitously about??¦like that ashen, fantastic figure gliding toward him through the amorphous trees. (169) Fitzgerald showed Jay Gatsby as he is stuck in a past obsession. During his life he became obsessed with wealth and being rich, after suffering from losing the love of his life, Daisy, because he could not support her. Gatsby??™s life becomes devoted to winning her back, after becoming friendly with her cousin,Nick. Gatsby is known for his parties, with lavish decorations and excited guests. His parties were in the hope that maybe Daisy would come by to a party and reunion with Gatsby. After losing Daisy once again, Gatsby??™s life has changed again for the worst. This device imposes that when Gatsby goes swimming, Nick describes all of the changes that have probably occurred to Gatsby since he lost Daisy. The sky was unfamiliar, the raw sunlight and an unreal world. Specifically, Nick states how Gatsby must realize how |fantastic a rose really is. Rose??™s are the symbol of love, but Nick claims they are that way only because people make it that way, and exaggerate that characteristic. To Gatsby, Daisy was a rose, because he made her that way. Her personality and character were always described in a positive way and showed his wanting of true love. Now that Gatsby has lost Daisy, he does not see a rose as a symbol of love anymore. The 1920??™s was a time that had many changes in men and women??™s way of life, where prosperity and material objects became available. Gatsby is represented as a man who had fulfilled the American dream, earning more money then anyone could imagine and living in a lavish mansion. The only part missing to his life is a woman to marry and stay by his side. Once losing the one woman who could have been that missing part, his life changes, with his death. Afterwards, he is still remembered a man who through incredible parties,but to Nick, Gatsby??™s death meant losing a friend. Gatsby dies before what would have been the disappointing revelation of Daisys return to Tom.
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Irony

???Probably it was some final guest who had away at the ends of the earth and didn??™t know that the party was over.??? (179) The inclusion of this device emphasizes the dishonor of the issue regarding the recent events that had occurred. Through, this statement Nick means to use guest as sarcastic manner, which ridicule Gatsby??™s party guests for not knowing that the party is over. This also shows that Gatsby parties were really fancy, that few numbers of people knows who Gatsby really is. And still people are just coming for their parties, but no one knows that all parties are vanished because Gatsby died.

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