The Great depression occurred between 1929 and 1939, right after the roaring twenties; a time of economic roar. Prior to the Great Depression high production and high prices with a “supply-side” economic was encouraged by President Hoover; with the thought that the economy would right itself (Day, 2009). “There were many warnings: high unemployment, lack of consumer buying, loss of homes and farms as mortgages failed, and strikes and riots when workers could no longer earn a family wage” (Day, 2009, p. 284). The great depression was the worst economic depression in the history of the United States, and the economy plummeted. The major cause of the great Depression was due to the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, a day known as black Tuesday. Other causes were bank failures and tight financial policy. As stocks declined banks went bankrupt, people panicked and withdrew their money from banks. “This created a domino effect” (DeGrace, 2011, p, 1). The Depression of the 1930??™s demonstrated that social and economic forces rather than individual fault created poverty (Day, 2009). The Great Depression affected everyone whether you were rich or poor, black or white and did not discriminate between class and racial lines. Many people suffered during this time as people lost their homes, jobs and money in the stock market. Unemployment was high and people didnt have money to provide for their familys basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter. will writing service leeds
The Great Depression affected the rich, poor, minorities and women differently. However, not everyone was affected in the same way. Some very wealthy people felt no impact by the Depression, although some of the wealthy had to work to preserve their businesses and family. Other wealthy people became poor, after losing stock and were unable to recover their losses. The economic crisis of the Great Depression also affected racial minority groups such as Mexican Americans, Black Americans, American Indians and Asian Americans. Minority groups during the Depression were discriminated against and discouraged from applying and receiving aid from public assistance programs; even those who qualified were denied. (Day, 2009). Although, many minorities were not working and not able to support their families, others were able to keep their jobs because of unions. However, minority workers were usually the first to lose their jobs and or denied employment. As white Americans competed against minorities for their jobs, violence against the blacks in the south increased. During the Great Depression (during the war) woman and people of minority groups went into the labor force and were actually paid good wages (Day, 2009). Women and the minority groups created a middle class and began teaching their children to achieve for equality. African American women were amongst the minority groups that were the first to be laid off. In the 1930??™s more than 10 million women were earning wages. Most of the women worked “Womens Jobs” rather than heavy industry (Day, 2009). The womens minimum wage rose dramatically, although it was still lower than men. For this reason women were preferred to be hired over men. According the author ninety percent of women who worked did so for economic reasons and 25 percent were the familys principal wage earners. (2009).
Overall during the Depression there was a rise in crime rates as many unemployed workers resorted to petty theft to put food on the table. Suicide rates rose as did reported cases of malnutrition. Prostitution was on the rise as desperate women sought ways to pay the bills. Health care was not a priority and alcoholism increased as Americans were seeking outlets for an escape (Philidelphia, 2008-2011). The Depression also affected family traditional values, although divorce rates did not increase, desertions increased and birth rates dropped. Many people delayed marriage as it was too expensive to support a family. Men were finding themselves out of work and relying on their wives and in some cases their children to work.

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